UTGIVER AV

 

Utgave for helsepersonell

konsultasjon

Konsultasjon

Nedsunken livmor eller livmorsfremfall skyldes svekket eller slakkere "opphengsapparat" for livmoren inne i bukhulen, med den følge at livmoren synker ned og eventuelt ut gjennom skjeden.

  • Sist endret: 24.10.2014
  • Sist revidert: 24.10.2014

Vil du vite mer?

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet "Genitalprolaps" i Norsk Elektronisk Legehåndbok. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

Referanser

  1. Kuncharapu I, Majeroni BA, Johnson DW. Pelvic organ prolapse. Am Fam Physician 2010; 81: 1111-7. AFP
  2. ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins - Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 85: Pelvic organ prolapse. Obstet Gynecol 2007; 110: 717-29. PubMed
  3. Borstad E, Western K, Eidet M. Descensus urogenitalis. Veileder i generell gynekologi 2009. http://www.legeforeningen.no/id/157579.0
  4. Baden WF, Walker TA, Lindsay HJ. The vaginal profile. Tex Med J, 1968; 64: 56-8.
  5. Bump RC, Mattiasson A, Bo K, et al. The standardization of terminology of female pelvic floor dysfunction. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996; 175: 10-7. PubMed
  6. Nygaard I, Barber MD, Burgio KL et al. Prevalence of symptomatic pelvic floor disorders in US women. JAMA 2008; 300: 1311-6. JAMA
  7. Schaffer JI, Wai CY, Boreham MK. Etiology of pelvic organ prolapse. Clin Obstet Gynecol 2005; 48: 639-47. PubMed
  8. Mant J, et al. Epidemiology of genital prolapse: observation from the Oxford family planning association study. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997; 104:579-85. PubMed
  9. Chiaffarino et al. Reproductive factors,family history, occupational risk of urogenital problems. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1999, 1:63-67.
  10. Swift SE, Pound T, Dias JK. Case-control study of the etiology of severe pelvic organ prolapse. Int Urogynecol J 2001; 12: 187-92. PubMed
  11. Barber MD, Neubauer NL, Klein-Olarte V. Can we screen for pelvic organ prolapse without a physical examination in epidemiologic studies? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006; 195: 942-8. PubMed
  12. Eva UF, Gun W, Preben K. Prevalence of urinary and fetal incontinence and symptoms of genital prolapse in women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2003; 82: 280-6. PubMed
  13. Lawrence JM, Lukacz ES, Nager CW, Hsu JW, Luber KM. Prevalence and co-occurrence of pelvic floor disorders in community-dwelling women. Obstet Gynecol 2008; 111: 678-85. PubMed
  14. Handa VL, Cundiff G, Chang HH, Helzlsouer KJ. Female sexual function and pelvic floor disorders. Obstet Gynecol 2008; 111: 1045-52. PubMed
  15. Nygaard I, Handa VL, Brubaker L, et al.; for the Pelvic Floor Disorders Network. Changes in physical activity after abdominal sacrocolpopexy for advanced pelvic organ prolapse. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008; 198: 570. PubMed
  16. Haessler AL, Lin LL, Ho MH, Betson LH, Bhatia NN. Reevaluating occult incontinence. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2005; 17: 535-40. PubMed
  17. Jha S, Toozs-Hobson P, Parsons M, Gull F. Does preoperative urodynamics change the management of prolapse? J Obstet Gynaecol 2008; 28: 320-2. PubMed
  18. Roovers JP, Oelke M. Clinical relevance of urodynamic investigation tests prior to surgical correction of genital prolapse: a literature review. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2007; 18: 455-60. PubMed
  19. Hagen S, Stark D, Maher C, Adams E. Conservative management of pelvic organ prolapse in women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, issue 4, 2006. CD003882. Cochrane
  20. Adams E, Thomson A, Maher C, Hagen S. Mechanical devices for pelvic organ prolapse in women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, issue 2, 2004. CD004010. Cochrane
  21. Handa VL, Garrett E, Hendrix S, Gold E, Robbins J. Progression and remission of pelvic organ prolapse: a longitudinal study of menopausal women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 190: 27-32. PubMed
  22. Hagen S, Stark D, Glazener C, et al. Individualised pelvic floor muscle training in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POPPY): a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2013 Nov 27.
  23. Greer WJ, Richter HE, Bartolucci AA, Burgio KL. Obesity and pelvic floor disorders: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol 2008; 112: 341-9. PubMed
  24. Maher C, Baessler K, Glazener CM, Adams EJ, Hagen S. Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, issue 3, 2007. CD004014. Cochrane
  25. Rudnicki M, Laurikainen E, Pogosean R, et al. Anterior colporrhaphy compared with collagen-coated transvaginal mesh for anterior vaginal wall prolapse: a randomised controlled trial. BJOG 2013. pmid:24118844 PubMed
  26. Altman D, Väyrynen T, Engh ME, et al. Anterior colporrhaphy versus transvaginal mesh for pelvic-organ prolapse. N Engl J Med 2011; 364: 1826-36. NEJM
  27. Sokol AI, Iglesia CB, Kudish BI, et al. One-year objective and functional outcomes of a randomized clinical trial of vaginal mesh for prolapse. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012; 206: 86. PubMed
  28. Onwude JL. Genital prolapse. Clin Evid 2004; 11: ClinEvid

Debattregler