Trening av kjernestabilitet

Artikler som er inkludert i dette prosjektet



  1. Hammill RR, Beazell JR, Hart JM. Neuromuscular consequences of low back pain and core dysfunction. Clinics in sports medicine 2008; 27: 449-62.
  2. Ferreira PH, Ferreira ML, Hodges PW. Changes in recruitment of the abdominal muscles in people with low back pain: ultrasound measurement of muscle activity. Spine 2004; 29: 2560-6.
  3. Graven-Nielsen T, Arendt-Nielsen L. Impact of clinical and experimental pain on muscle strength and activity. Current rheumatology reports 2008; 10: 475-81.
  4. Hodges P, Holm AK, Hansson T, Holm S. Rapid atrophy of the lumbar multifidus follows experimental disc or nerve root injury. Spine 2006; 31: 2926-33.
  5. Kamaz M, Kire_i D, O_uz H, Emlik D, Levendo_lu F. CT measurement of trunk muscle areas in patients with chronic low back pain. Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey) 2007; 13: 144-8.
  6. Hyun JK, Lee JY, Lee SJ, Jeon JY. Asymmetric atrophy of multifidus muscle in patients with unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy. Spine 2007; 32: E598-602.
  7. Yoshihara K, Nakayama Y, Fujii N, Aoki T, Ito H. Atrophy of the multifidus muscle in patients with lumbar disk herniation: histochemical and electromyographic study. Orthopedics 2003; 26: 493-5.
  8. Hides J, Gilmore C, Stanton W, Bohlscheid E. Multifidus size and symmetry among chronic LBP and healthy asymptomatic subjects. Manual Therapy 2008; 13: 43-9.
  9. MacDonald D, Moseley GL, Hodges PW. Why do some patients keep hurting their back? Evidence of ongoing back muscle dysfunction during remission from recurrent back pain. Pain 2009; 142: 183-8.
  10. Hides JA, Richardson CA, Jull GA. Multifidus muscle recovery is not automatic after resolution of acute, first-episode low back pain. Spine 1996; 21: 2763-9.
  11. Danneels LA, Vanderstraeten GG, Cambier DC, Witvrouw EE, Bourgois J, Dankaerts W, De Cuyper HJ. Effects of three different training modalities on the cross sectional area of the lumbar multifidus muscle in patients with chronic low back pain. British journal of sports medicine 2001; 35: 186-91.
  12. Hides JA, Belavý DL, Stanton W, Wilson SJ, Rittweger J, Felsenberg D, Richardson CA. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of trunk muscles during prolonged bed rest. Spine 2007; 32: 1687-92.
  13. Harringe ML, Nordgren JS, Arvidsson I, Werner S. Low back pain in young female gymnasts and the effect of specific segmental muscle control exercises of the lumbar spine: a prospective controlled intervention study. Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy: official journal of ESSKA 2007; 15: 1264-71.
  14. Hides JA, Stanton WR, McMahon S, Sims K, Richardson CA. Effect of stabilization training on multifidus muscle cross-sectional area among young elite cricketers with low back pain. The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy 2008; 38: 101-8.
  15. Dickx N, Cagnie B, Achten E, Vandemaele P, Parlevliet T, Danneels L. Changes in lumbar muscle activity because of induced muscle pain evaluated by muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging. Spine 2008; 33: E983-9.
  16. Hides JA, Jull GA, Richardson CA. Long-term effects of specific stabilizing exercises for first-episode low back pain. Spine 2001; 26: E243-8.
  17. Watanabe S, Equchi A, Kobara K, Ishida H. Influence of trunk muscle co-contraction on spinal curvature during sitting for desk work. Electromyography and clinical neurophysiology 2007; 47: 273-8.
  18. O'Sullivan PB, Phyty GD, Twomey LT, Allison GT. Evaluation of specific stabilizing exercise in the treatment of chronic low back pain with radiologic diagnosis of spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis. Spine 1997; 22: 2959-67.
  19. Bogduk N. The lumbar disc and low back pain. Neurosurgery clinics of North America 1991; 2: 791-806.
  20. McGill SM. Low back stability: from formal description to issues for performance and rehabilitation. Exercise and sport sciences reviews 2001; 29: 26-31.
  21. Levine D, Whittle MW. The effects of pelvic movement on lumbar lordosis in the standing position. The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy 1996; 24: 130-5.
  22. Urquhart DM, Hodges PW, Allen TJ, Story IH. Abdominal muscle recruitment during a range of voluntary exercises. Manual Therapy 2005; 10: 144-53.
  23. Critchley D. Instructing pelvic floor contraction facilitates transversus abdominis thickness increase during low-abdominal hollowing.. Physiotherapy research international: the journal for researchers and clinicians in physical therapy 2002; 7: 65-75.
  24. Beach TA, Parkinson RJ, Stothart JP, Callaghan JP. Effects of prolonged sitting on the passive flexion stiffness of the in vivo lumbar spine. The spine journal: official journal of the North American Spine Society 2005; 5: 145-54.
  25. Shin G, Mirka GA. An in vivo assessment of the low back response to prolonged flexion: Interplay between active and passive tissues. Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon) 2007; 22: 965-71.
  26. Henchoz Y, Kai-Lik So A. Exercise and nonspecific low back pain: a literature review. Joint, bone, spine: revue du rhumatisme 2008; 75: 533-9.
  27. Arokoski JP, Valta T, Airaksinen O, Kankaanpää M. Back and abdominal muscle function during stabilization exercises. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 2001; 82: 1089-98.
  28. Hamlyn N, Behm DG, Young WB. Trunk muscle activation during dynamic weight-training exercises and isometric instability activities. Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association 2007; 21: 1108-12.
  29. Bazrgari B, Shirazi-Adl A, Arjmand N. Analysis of squat and stoop dynamic liftings: muscle forces and internal spinal loads. European spine journal, official publication of the European Spine Society 2007; 16: 687-99.
  30. Barr KP, Griggs M, Cadby T. Lumbar stabilization: core concepts and current literature, Part 1. American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists 2005; 84: 473-80.
  31. Barr KP, Griggs M, Cadby T. Lumbar stabilization: a review of core concepts and current literature, part 2. American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists 2007; 86: 72-80.
  32. Akuthota V, Ferreiro A, Moore T, Fredericson M. Core stability exercise principles. Current sports medicine reports 2008; 7: 39-44.
  33. Koumantakis GA, Watson PJ, Oldham JA. Trunk muscle stabilization training plus general exercise versus general exercise only: randomized controlled trial of patients with recurrent low back pain. Physical therapy 2005; 85: 209-25.
  34. Cairns MC, Foster NE, Wright C. Randomized controlled trial of specific spinal stabilization exercises and conventional physiotherapy for recurrent low back pain. Spine 2006; 31: E670-81.
  35. Richardson CA, Snijders CJ, Hides JA, Damen L, Pas MS, Storm J. The relation between the transversus abdominis muscles, sacroiliac joint mechanics, and low back pain. Spine 2002; 27: 399-405.
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